DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) or nucleic deoxyribose acid (ADN) is a kind of biomolecule that encodes and contains the instructions in genes of each organism and many types of viruses in the form of nucleic acids in which there are cells of living things. DNA consists of material that forms chromosomes and genetic information stored in the body of living things. Apart from that, perhaps you also need to get the best equipment for your extracción de ADN.
Whereas RNA (ribonucleic acid) or ribonucleic acid is a polymer molecule that is involved in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulating, and expressing genes. RNA is a macromolecule that functions as a store and distributor of genetic information.
Difference between DNA and RNA
The nitrogen base contained in DNA is composed by purines derived from the arrangement of Guanine (G) and Adenine (A) and pyrimidine derived from the arrangement of Cytosine (C) and Thymine (T). While the nitrogen base RNA is composed by purine Guanine (G) and Adenine (A), and Pyrimidine Uracyl (U) and Cytosine (C).
DNA has a long chain and double helix, while RNA has a single and short chain.
DNA can be found in chloroplasts, mitochondria, and nuclei. While RNA can be found in ribosomes (r-RNA), cytoplasm (t-RNA), and in the nucleus (m-RNA)
DNA has the role of inheriting properties and synthesizing proteins. While RNA has a role only to synthesize proteins.
The sugar component that makes up DNA is Deoxyribose while the sugar that makes up RNA is Ribosa.
The types of nitrogen bases from DNA are purines (adenine and guanine), phosphate and pyrimidine groups (cytosine and thymine), while RNA is purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidine (cytosine and uracil).
DNA is a double chain amino acid group, while RNA is a short chain amino acid group.
The shape of DNA is generally longer with rounded shapes, while RNA is shorter with a thinner shape.
DNA levels are static/unchanging because they are not influenced by protein synthesis or genetic activity, while RNA levels can change due to protein synthesis activities.
The form of DNA resembles a double spiral band, while RNA is a single band.